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WP Staging and WPML Configuration

If you use the multilingual plugin WPML and you set up the language settings to use custom folders with the language code in it, e.g., yourdomain.com/en/ you may run into an issue where opening a page on a staging site results in error 404. That can happen when the staging sites permalinks are disabled.

There are three possible solutions:

Create the staging site in a subdomain

You can clone your WordPress website to a subdomain. If you do this, you will not run into any link structure issues anymore, as the URL structure mimics the URL structure on the production website.

Change WPML language URL format

You can switch the WPML language settings on your WP Staging staging site to URL based language like yourdomain.com/?lang=en

You can do this under WPML > Languages

Note: If you push the staging site back to live, you will need to revert this setting on the live site.

Activate post name permalinks

You can try to activate post name permalinks on the staging site by following this article.

WPML Troubleshooting Options

After pushing or cloning your WordPress site with WP Staging, the WPML translations might not work as intended.  That is often caused by the internal cache handling of WPML. Gladly WPML offers you a few powerful troubleshooting options that you can access to purge and refresh the WPML cache.

The information on this page is for advanced WPML users. If you are not sure what you are doing, please contact WML support before executing any of the WPML troubleshooting options.

You can open the WPML troubleshooting page from WPML > Support.
Click the link troubleshooting.

How to access the WPML troubleshooting options
How to access the WPML troubleshooting options 

Before executing any listed action from that options page, create a backup of your WordPress website.

The WPML troubleshooting options page
The WPML troubleshooting options page

In the table below, you see a description of the most important commands and possible use-case scenarios:

Command When to use it
Clear the Cache in WPML
  • If an assignment of a translation is not working.
  • If you have string-related database deadlocks.
  • If the strings are not appearing and you get an error such as “WordPress database error Deadlock found when trying to get lock”. This happens mostly after migration from the local development environment to production. Also, try restarting transaction for the INSERT IGNORE INTO query.
  • Language switcher issues.
Remove ghost entries from the translation tables
  • Remove entries from the WPML table if they are not linked properly after upgrades or bug fixes.
  • Removing unused strings.
  • When receiving errors during the process of moving the products with Draft status to trash.
Fix element_type collation
  • Use if the translated content is missing after translation.
  • Use to fix the errors such as: “post_type is X but collation is Y”.
  • If you cannot see a list of posts or pages after installing the WPML.
  • Products are not listed for translation in WooCommerce.
Fix WPML table collation
  • If you get errors related to the illegal mix of collations. For example, if you get the “WordPress database error Illegal mix of collations utf8_general/utf8mb4” error.
Set language information
  • If you have created content while WPML was inactive, or if other plugins create content and bypass the WordPress API, this content may not have language information and will not display for any language. This action will solve the problem.
  • If the translated posts are not connected to the original.
Cleanup and optimize string tables
  • Use only if you have a site that was translated with WPML prior to version 4.3. Using this command will remove the content of the strings cache table (_icl_strings_url and _icl_strings_pages) and it will optimize the icl_strings table. It will only work when all the MO files are correctly created. In other situations, you will be able to click the button but no action will be triggered. If the button is not working go to the WPML → Theme and plugins localization page and scan the themes and plugins for missing MO files.

Source:
https://wpml.org/documentation/support/wpml-troubleshooting-options/